In the shocking political landscape of March 2019, Democrats seized control of the lower house of Congress, starting on the path of an impactful investigation into Donald J Trump. In the complicated system of the U.S. political system, introducing a bill demands a particular set of steps – it must first pass either the lower or upper house before being transmitted to the counterpart for approval. Only when both houses concur, the bill goes to Congress for a decisive vote, ultimately determining if it will become a law or not.
Since 2016 Republicans maintained a stronghold over both the upper and lower houses. But in the 2018 elections for lower house, Democrats took control of the lower house, setting the stage for the introduction of a bill aimed at investigating the actions of President Donald J Trump.
The best part of working with data was, it was notably clean and comprehensive. Important elements such as donation amounts and campaign expenditures were noted correctly, laying the groundwork for a meticulous examination. One interesting observation was: that campaign expenditures were categorized into supporting the candidate and opposing other candidates.

Forming Hypothesis

A well-known hypothesis regarding human psychology says that we, as individual, are inherently risk-averse. Based on that idea I asked the question if successful candidates might have allocate more resources towards opposing their rivals. Because it is easier to convince voters that their current choice is misguided rather than persuading them to believe in an alternative candidate. However, as I analyzed the data, this turned out to be incorrect for the 2018 elections. Winners did not necessarily spend more on opposing candidates.
Instead, the data analysis observed a different trend – both the budget and expenditures for the 2018 elections nearly doubled compared to previous cycles. Although this insight disproving my initial hypothesis, it did show that increased expenditure had some impact on the voters mentality.
Understanding the multifaceted nature of elections is essential, and the 2018 House of Representatives election is a great case study. This displayed the financial resources influencing the voters’ sentiment in the interplay of political dynamics.


So, in conclusion, during the lower house election of 2018, where Democrats took control and subsequently initiated investigation on Donald J. Trump, finance played a role. But it was not focused on disapproving opposing candidates as my initial hypothesis.

The Data School
Author: The Data School